Key Issues > Coronavirus Oversight  

Coronavirus Oversight

An ongoing review of the federal response to the COVID-19 pandemic and oversight of related spending.
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In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Congress appropriated $2.6 trillion in emergency assistance for people, businesses, the health care system, and state and local governments. GAO is examining many aspects of the federal response and is your source for that fact-based, nonpartisan information. The CARES Act requires GAO to issue bi-monthly reports on the impact of COVID-19.

GAO's Latest Findings

On November 30th, we issued our latest bi-monthly report on the federal pandemic response and our recommendations for improving it. The latest report uncovered the need for more transparency around vaccines and therapeutics, unemployment numbers, and more. Medical supply shortages continue to be an urgent concern. Read more about our latest report in our press release here and below.

Among our findings:

  • Medical supplies: In our national survey, one-third to one-half of states and territories reported ongoing shortages of some testing-related and other medical supplies. Most states reported certain PPE supplies (e.g., nitrile gloves) remain scarce, and about one-third of respondents were “greatly” or “completely” concerned about having enough supplies to administer vaccines in the future. Given the surge of COVID-19 cases and these reported medical supply shortages, we believe it is critically important that our previous recommendations on better managing the supply chain be implemented.
  • Vaccines and therapeutics: As the federal government has made a concerted effort to speed development of vaccines and therapeutics, a recent report recommended that the FDA improve transparency of scientific reviews to boost public confidence in its decision making.
  • Testing guidelines: Guidance is expected to evolve as new information about the coronavirus emerges, but HHS and CDC haven’t always communicated the scientific explanation for frequent changes during the pandemic and we recommend doing so.
  • Unemployment insurance: The Department of Labor’s weekly news releases don’t provide an accurate estimate of the total number of individuals actually claiming unemployment insurance. We recommend DOL improve its data to better understand the economic role of this benefit during the pandemic.

To ensure a more effective federal response to the pandemic, we made 11 recommendations and made one suggestion for Congress to consider.

Watchdog Report

Urgent Actions Needed to+Improv Federal Response to COVID-19

CARES Act reports and other COVID-19 related reports will also be available to read or embed as an RSS feed from this page: Newest COVID-19 Related Reports.

COVID-19 experimental vaccine

COVID-19 experimental vaccine

Oversight, Insight, Foresight—and Hindsight

GAO is well-positioned to oversee the federal COVID-19 response, as we have extensive experience reporting fact-based information from officials and organizations across a wide array of federal issues.

GAO, other oversight bodies, and federal officials can use our past pandemic-related reports—and the many recommendations that still apply—to inform their own work. You can find a categorized list of these reports on this page: Past Pandemic-Related Reports.

How to Get Notified about New Reports

Be the first to know when GAO issues new work related to the pandemic and Coronavirus oversight.

  • Live Feed of Reports: Embed our feed on your website. It will be updated with new reports as they are published.
  • Daily Emails: Sign up for our daily emails on this topic or several others.
  • Twitter: The fastest way to know we have issued new work is to follow us on Twitter @usgao.
  • Open Recommendations: Keep track of related open recommendations.
  • Blog Posts: Subscribe to our WatchBlog for the latest COVID-19 posts.
  • Previously Issued Work by Topic: Take a look at our section on Past Pandemic-Related Reports.

Report Suspected Fraud to GAO

Fraudnet shield

You can help us monitor the spending from the record $2 trillion stimulus package. If you suspect waste, fraud, or abuse of stimulus funds, report your concerns through FraudNet. Read April 10 press release.

Watchdog Report

FraudNet and COVID-19 Federal Assistance

FraudNet is a GAO program for the public, government workers, and contractors to report allegations of improper activities in the federal government—including fraud, waste, or abuse of funds provided under the CARES Act.

GAO Contacts

Nikki Clowers

Managing Director of the Health Care team


Federal Resources Related to Coronavirus (COVID-19)